To cope up with flu one should know fair information of it, which will help to cure it quickly. Need to understand the following:
WHAT IS FLU?
Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory illness that is caused by a virus. It is highly contagious and is usually spread by the coughs and sneezes of a person who is infected.
Three types of flu viruses
exist – influenza A, influenza B and influenza C. Types A and B viruses cause seasonal epidemics which hit the USA and Europe virtually every winter. The type C influenza virus causes mild respiratory illness and is not responsible for epidemics.
You can also catch flu from an infected person if you touch them (e.g. shaking hands)
Sometimes people confuse colds and flu. They are different. But, you might have some of the same symptoms. Most people get a cold several times each year. Usually, a person gets the flu once every few years. Sometimes, you can get a virus that makes you throw up or have diarrhea. Some people call this the “stomach flu.” But, that is misleading. It is not a flu. The flu mostly affects your nose, throat, and lungs.
SYMPTOMS OF FLU:
Flu symptoms usually start quickly. You can start to feel sick about 1 – 7 days after you are around the virus. Usually, symptoms start in 2-3 days. The flu spreads easily. It can affect a large group of people in a very short amount of time. For example, students and workers get sick within 2 or 3 weeks of the flu’s arrival in a school or workplace. The first symptom is a fever between 102 and 106 °F. An adult usually has a lower fever than a child.
Other common symptoms include:
Lack of energy
Nausea and vomiting
The fever and aches and pains begin to go away on days 2-4. But new symptoms occur, including:
Increased breathing symptoms
Runny nose (clear and watery)
Most symptoms usually go away in 4 – 7 days. But the cough and feeling tired may last for weeks. Sometimes, the fever comes back.
Some people may not feel like eating.
The flu can make asthma, breathing problems, and other long-term illnesses worse.
PREVENTION IN FLU:
As flu is caused by a virus, antibiotics won’t do any good, unless the flu has led to another illness. Some of the symptoms, such as headache and body pains may be alleviated if you take a painkiller. Some painkillers, such as aspirin, should not be given to children under 12 (Department of Health, INDIA). If you have flu you should:
Fill the bathroom sink with steaming water. Add 1 teaspoon of the over-the-counter ointment Vicks Vapo Rub to the steaming water, and then breathe in the steam for several minutes until you get relief. Another alternative is to add a few drops of oil of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) or menthol to the water. Eucalyptus may help open up bronchial tubes, ease congestion, and make breathing a little easier. There is not enough evidence, however, to say that any of these really help with the symptoms.If you are still congested, sit in a bathroom with the door closed and allow the shower to run hot until the room fills with moist steam. Inhaling the moisture can help to open your airways. Make sure you sit away from the hot shower so you do not get burned by the water.
Stay at home
Try to avoid contact with other people
Keep warm and rest
Make sure you consume plenty of liquids
Don’t consume alcohol
If you are a smoker stop smoking or cut your consumption down as much as you can
Try to get some food down (eat what you can)
If you live alone, tell a relative, friend or neighbor that you have flu. Make sure someone can check in on you and do your shopping.
Wear a mask if you leave your room.
The flu vaccine is available by shot or nasal spray.
Get your flu shot or spray as soon as the vaccine is available in your area.
It is especially important to get the vaccine if you, someone you live with, or someone you care for is at high risk of complications from the flu.
Mild reactions such as soreness, headaches, and fever are common side effects of the flu vaccine.
If you experience a severe reaction such as difficulty breathing, hives, or facial swelling, seek medical attention immediately.
The flu vaccine is the best protection against the flu this season. If you get the flu vaccine, you are 60% less likely to need treatment for the flu by a healthcare provider. Getting the vaccine has been shown to offer substantial other benefits including reducing illness, antibiotic use, time lost from work, hospitalizations, and deaths.